People would love to see a composed and friendly person by their side

People would love to see a composed and friendly person by their side. When you are willing to take a look at escort service, you will always choose them for their behavior. You are likely to get into a companionship when you are alone and need a shoulder to rely upon. A good escort will be that friend and guide, and would love to share your problems and be part of your happy times too. Bangalore Escort Service Therefore, the behavior is an important part of escorts, if they like to expand their client base and make some reputation in this arena. Most of the independent escorts are known for their friendly behavior. Before a companion, everyone loves to find a good friend, and escort clients might fall within the same league. Therefore, before spending the time with the chosen partner, an escort must know the tips and tricks of creating a friendly atmosphere. Behaving like an old friend is important if they want to create some space and help clients to mingle with them freely from their heart. It is always important to go through thorough training, before handling real customers. Depending on the date time, Bangalore female Escort love to wear perfect dresses.

Dressing add fuel into fire

Subtle and light colors are mostly important for adding a fun element to the day meeting. It helps to create a funky style, which will go a long way in this business. As we know Night mean party and pubs. The colors of such party wears are always on the darker side, like dark blue, black, brown and with a glossy texture to it. An off-shoulder short black dress can easily help them to mark their presence in front of thousands of guests. On the other hand, long and flowing well-fitted gowns can also create the same impression. Independent Escorts In Bangalore There are times when escorts need to go for a long weekend trip with their clients. For such instances, they are mostly seen in their summer free outfits. Starting from well-fitted lingerie to some short skirts, well-fitted tops, and baggy jeans, anything that makes them comfortable are always welcome. A weekend trip with clients means a free-flowing apparel set, which will make them look good and comfortable, at the same time.

Feel the warmth

Therefore, creating a warm environment is important. No matter, whether they are visiting your place, or you are invited to her resident, an escort will always try to create an environment as warm and friendly as possible. Talking about normal work and some latest movies can be great as a starting point. Bangalore Escorts Services They might even like to share their knowledge with you, regarding any of your upcoming business meets. No one would like to see childish behavior from their chosen escort. Bangalore Escorts Girls Therefore, an escort will try to keep a composed behavior, whenever the need arises, especially if they are invited to be a part of the business meet. On the other hand, for a weekend trip, behaving like a childhood friend is what the clients expect from their escorts.

The Importance of Secondary Education

Education forms an important part of a person’s life as it enables them to gain the skills that are needed to face life situations. It is a must for every person to gain the right education and to pass on from one level of studies to another so that he or she gains the knowledge needed to handle life situation and work demands that come at a later point in life. As part of the process of gaining the right education, it is necessary for a person to attend secondary education.

Right after primary school, a child has to pass onto secondary education, which is one of the key aspects of education, after which college education will follow. Secondary education centers are referred to as middle schools, preparatory schools, high schools, vocational schools and so on, depending on their education objective.

Secondary education is referred to as K-12 education in the United States, Australia and Canada and in New Zealand it is referred to as 1-13. In Europe, it came into place in the 16th century, while in the United States it came into existence only in the early 19th century as a result of factories opening up, which created the need for skilled workers.

It is vital for every student to have a secondary education, because it serves as the link between what they imbibe in primary school and college education. Much vital knowledge that helps a growing mind to think, analyze and study the world around them, is developed and enhanced even further as a result of what is learnt or imbibed in primary school. Colleges demand that a student must complete their education before he or she can move onto gaining college admission because it provide the complete foundation upon which students can build a higher educational framework.

Masonic Symbols – The Symbolism of Freemasonry & Its Reference to Lucifer

There is often much discussion about the symbols that are utilized in Freemasonry. Some non-Freemasons or those that feel that they are a cult suggest that their symbols are synchronized with devil worship.

The Blazing Star is considered by the Freemasons as one of their ornaments. The anti Freemasons have a different view on it. They base their theory on the Bible scripture Isaiah 14:12. Which is believed to be the “false dawn” referring to Lucifer. This being the Christian belief then it must mean that the Freemasons are involved in Satanism because of the Blazing Star they utilize as one of their symbols.

The interpretation of Isaiah 14:12 has a different meaning according to the Freemasons. Their interpretation is quite complex but is basically like this…This Biblical chapter relates to prophesy which the entire book of Isaiah does. In chapter 14 it contains a prophesy regarding the Kings of Babylon centering specifically on Nebuchadnezzar. The Freemasons explain that this particular King thought himself about mankind as a celestial body, but when Babylon is destroyed, Nebuchadnezzar will find himself as simply mortal. The scripture is often referred to in the Hebrew language. The word heyleyl translated means daystar and refers to the planet Venus. Being a book of prophesy it can be complex to understand.

Vulgate translation:

Hebrew = “daystar” = Lucifer (Venus was classed as the morning star and in Ancient times referred to as Lucifer.
Christian translation = Lucifer = Satan
Latin translations = Lucifer = Light bearing

Freemasons:
Hebrew: day-star=heyleyl = planet Venus

The planet Venus could be seen during both the day and the evening. The Greeks and the Romans had set names for it when it appeared in the morning and set names for it when it appeared in the evening.

In the morning…
Greeks = Phosphorus
Romans = Lucifer

In the evening
Greeks = Hesperus
Romans = Venus

From Hebrew to Greek into Latin would translate it to Lucifer. The argument that the Freemasons offer is that the term “Lucifer” in reference to Satan or the devil never existed further back than the middle ages and it became a common term for the devil because of a poem called “Paradise Lost.

So where does all of this fit in with the concept of the Blazing Star as the Freemasons see it. They will refer to the Minnesota Masonic Manual. Apparently, this manual is one of the teaching aids they use at their lectures. This Manual is said to depict the Blazing star as a symbol of the Star of Bethlehem and has nothing to do with the Planet Venus.

In addition to this, they stipulate than the reference to this only lasts about thirty seconds yet the specific lecture is about 30 minutes. Mind you, it is pointed out that it depends on what jurisdiction this is taking place in. This lecture takes place in the first degree of the Masonry program.

In summary, the Freemasons stipulate that the misconception of them being devil worshippers is a misconstrued interpretation of the Bible taken out of context. Christianity’s stance is that the chapter we have just discussed is in direct reference to Lucifer. They have based their opinion on a parallel in the Gospel of St Luke. Jesus talks about Satan falling like lightning from heaven. Therefore, in Christian terms this is translated as the “Day Star” in Isaiah. It must be remembered there are many parallels in the New Testament referring back to the Old Testament. This very complex subject needs to be relied on in accordance to Biblical scholars.

Blogging As A Means Of Promoting Your Skills

We are 13 years into the 2st century and we don’t have flying autos. No, we don’t have teleportation machines, and we have not discovered outsider life-shapes on different plants. Truth be told, we have really stripped one of the plants of their planet status which was somewhat perturbing. As I would see it, numerous people delighted in having Pluto as the little, dark plant toward the end of the acronyms – a method for recollecting the names for Geography class. Tragically, that won’t work any longer. Then again, slighting every one of the things we don’t have, we have the Internet.

 

The Internet has changed our lives, both individual and expert, and living in the innovative time we have needed to adjust. Yes, there are those callings which remain simply ‘on location’ however there are numerous which have moved online and require the new experts to recognize and start their vocations all things considered. It is on account of this preface, I decide to examine advancing abilities online and the most straightforward approach to finish this assignment is by means of blogging.

 

Initially, numerous people saw blogging as a type of self-expression and a different option for diaries. At first it was a system for expressing your conclusion on different themes from the “risky” taste of your banana smoothie to the issue of homosexuality being seen as an improper sin. Presently, online journals are being utilized as limited time devices whereby people will introduce their capacities to future managers which may happen to scrutinize their web-space.

 

As a sample, I will utilize the sites of trying writers. Two decades prior, in the 1990s, a writer would be required to pick up involvement with nearby daily papers or underground distributions keeping in mind the end goal to “clean” their CV. They would be required to make contacts and meet people whom they feel would be advantageous to their profession by leaving the isolation of their room and ‘getting their hands grimy’. To acquire a temporary job or section level position – exceptionally improbable without the unpaid entry level position for a long time – the trying essayist would need to present their CV on distinctive organizations in the trust one of them will react emphatically.

 

These days, not just is the individual ready to send their CV by means of email and save money on stamps, however they are additionally ready to show their capacities on a site with the trust the business will see this. This builds their chance as they no more depend on a CV alone. The blog’s subject, plan and substance permits the business to pick up a feeling of the individual and settle on an educated choice.

 

One of the more mainstream stages for columnists is WordPress as more commercial enterprises pick this stage as a base for their site. By doing this they as of now have an optional association with the potential manager. Moreover, WordPress takes into consideration more organized and expert topics making the site less youngster like.

 

As may be seen, an individual web journal can be utilized for more than insights on ‘arbitrary stuff’. On the off chance that organized legitimately and painstakingly kept up it can help with showing essential word related aptitudes.

Source : http://albuquerquepersonalinjurylawyers.com

The Importance of Education When Investing in Silver

New investors looking at investing in physical silver for the first time will find that they have many choices available to them. However, without proper financial education, most investors will not know what type of silver is valuable and what is not.

For example, I have seen ads on TV and in newspapers leading some investors to think that Numismatic or rare coins may be the best route for finding the best silver value. While it is true some of these coins are incredibly valuable, they can have huge premiums and can be subject to whatever a dealer or current demand is for these type of coins.

Silver Jewelry is another area where investors may go to find value. While this is also one way to cash in on this silver bull market, there can be many interpretations on the value of a particular piece of jewelry by various dealers, pawn shops, the internet, etc… Another downfall to this type of investing is the temptation of fraud from the various sources listed above.

Silver bullion is in my opinion one of the best ways to begin investing and adding value to a new portfolio. There are many ways to do this from investing in “junk silver” all the way to buying 1000 oz silver bars.

In reference to “junk silver”, I am referring to pre-1965 U.S minted coins. For example; a 1932-1964 Washington quarter is made up of 90% silver and 10% copper. If you use a spot price for silver of $30.36 as of today, these quarters have a face value of.25 cents, but a market value of $5.49 per coin!

Another great reason I like investing in “junk” silver is the relative low premium that is added on to the sale of these coins. For example, some silver investors believe that 1oz american silver eagles are the best type of silver bullion to invest in. While this author will not dispute that opinion, at times these coins can have incredible premiums over the current market spot price. One instance of this was back in the fall of 2008 during the collapse of Lehman Brothers on wall street. At that time the paper spot price of silver fell all the way to $8 and change, and the cheapest price I could get for american eagles at that time was $15 per coin! That is a 80% premium over spot!

Those who are interested in finding the best silver value will find that pre-1965 coins are one of the best investments that are available on the market, and there are many different reasons why investors should consider getting these coins for investment purposes.

But all of this aside, the BEST investment in silver that one can make is to one’s becoming educated in the silver market. Without proper education, it is very easy for a new investor to be misled and end up on the wrong side of the coin.

Pharmaceutical Education and Employment Opportunities Are on the Ascent

What are the usual professional responsibilities of pharmacists? Well, they dispense medicine prescribed by the physicians, in the first place. Also they are responsible to give the customers knowledgeable advice regarding the possible side effects and dosage of the medications to be administered. In case the patient should be made aware of the necessity to take certain precautions to be observed during the course of medications, a pharmacist is responsible for informing the patience about such precautions, if any are needed. Such are the most common responsibilities of pharmacists, as they are widely assumed by the general public. Still, as any licensed pharmacist can tell you, the responsibilities are not limited to those mentioned above. First of all, any licensed pharmacist is required to have a degree in pharmacology. Secondly, such specialist should be aware of the various medicines, their generic name, dosage and possible side effects. Besides the good professional understanding of the regulating legislature related to manufacture and sale of various medicines any good professional pharmacist must command sound understanding and knowledge of the composition of medicines. And that is not all, such issues as the right storage conditions for the medicines are of critical importance, since the efficiency of prescription medications during the period of their shelf life largely depends on the correctness of their storage conditions!

As you see, any licensed pharmacist has a long road of learning to go before been accepted as a fully-fledged and respected member of the pharmacists community! But the natural questions are “How good are the employment opportunities in the pharmaceutical industry today? But what do the forecasts for the near future hold in stock for pharmacists? Is it really worthwhile to invest time and hard-earned money into becoming a professional pharmacist?” All these question are quite justified, since nobody would like to send time and money down the drain, investing them into professional specialization that turns out to be without future.

Let us have a closer look at the present-day employment opportunities of freshly graduated pharmacists and the expectations for the near future.

As has been confirmed by the various reports of analytical agencies specializing in the job-market related issues, the pharmacist’s specialization enjoys quite enviable demand. Traditionally, the most of the pharmacists still find employment with community pharmacies and drug stores, as they used to do over the decades. Well, that is no surprise, people got used to seen a pharmacists behind the counter of a drug-store or a pharmacy, handing out the prescription medicines as well as those that do not require prescription (they are justly referred to by the term of “over-the-counter” medicines). On the other hand, during the last decade the professional pharmacists have been in huge demand in public service and pharmaceutical industry. Hospitals, railways, large shopping centers and airports – they all look for good professionals in the field to fill in vacancies in their specialized their drug stores. Another interesting job opportunity for pharmacists could be found with medical drug information libraries and consulting, since the medical and nursing staffs are in need of information about new drugs – the industry of medications is constantly advancing, coming up each month and year with new generations of medications. Many specialists in pharmacology who graduated as pharmacists have developed successful and self-fulfilling careers, finding employment as tutors in colleges and universities. Others prefer to write or edit books of pharmacology, as well as reference guides – as you see, the employment and career opportunities in the pharmacology industry are in plenty!

What about the forecasts and expectations for the near future? The demand for professionals in the pharmacology in general and for the pharmacists in particular is expected only to grow considerably during the period through 2016 and beyond. The reasons for such forecasts are well-grounded. The population will continue growing in numbers – and the numbers of hospitals and other health care establishments are destined to grow accordingly, to accommodate the increasing demand. That means that more and more pharmacists will be required to fill in new outlets and positions – in traditional drug-stores, in hospitals and related job settings. Secondly, the number of senior citizens is also expected to grow considerably. Senior citizens of all the aged population groups are known to be the main consumers of prescription and “over-the-counter” drugs. As the result, the demand for specialists able to handle the growing demand on the part of the patients is guaranteed to increase over the practically foreseeable future period.

What are the usual education and certification requirements for those whishing to take up a career as pharmacists?

The educational and certification demands for pharmacists are very definite and strict. All persons, whishing to build a career of pharmacists are required to have a degree from a college (associate’s, bachelor’s or master’s one), upon which they need to get licensed by the pertinent agency in order to start a professional career of a licensed pharmacist. Besides, the educational establishment they have gradated from should be accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education and Examinations. Such are the basic mandatory requirements for a professional licensed pharmacist, wishing to start up a successful career in the industry.

Besides the specific subjects, related to pharmacist’s specialization, any accredited pharmacy degree program should usually include courses in mathematics, natural sciences, humanities, and social sciences.

As you see, the academic requirements for the pharmacology students are noticeably high. In order to insure the adequate level of academic excellence among their student the majority of the pharmacy colleges have introduced admission tests for aspiring students.

The students, whishing to continue education – as well as those who have already some experience in the professional field and are after the better career opportunities – are offered continuing education options, such as bachelor’s and master’s degrees, as well as doctorates in various specialized areas of pharmaceutical industries.

One of the good options for busy working professionals to continue education and get a higher academic degree in pharmacology would be to make use of modern means of distance education – the online pharmacy degree training schools and programs. Those online establishments – surely, we are speaking about the reputable and properly accredited courses, nothing like some shady “diploma mill” sites – have proved to be a good competition to the traditional, campus-based ones.

Another consideration to be given a serious attention and thought – as far as career advancement in pharmacology and pharmacy industry is concerned – is that your success would largely depend on the type of work you will be able to get and your business talents/skills/experience. As an illustration to this statement you could easily find online the career stories of success: for instance, people who worked for drugstore chains became top-managers. Pharmacists employed at various hospitals – general or specialized – got to be directors of pharmacy services. The government agencies and educational institutions also offer interesting and promising openings. Pharmacy degree specialist could also build excellent careers by taking up teaching or research, that all depends on your personal talents, individual inclinations, career objectives etc. Anyway, besides the required level of academic excellence, necessary for each specific position, any newly graduated pharmacist should realize that their jobs always require them to communicate and interact with people of different types. From this point of view good person-to-person communication skills would always be a great advantage, so take care to acquire them by all means!

The Importance of Education When Investing in Silver

New investors looking at investing in physical silver for the first time will find that they have many choices available to them. However, without proper financial education, most investors will not know what type of silver is valuable and what is not.

For example, I have seen ads on TV and in newspapers leading some investors to think that Numismatic or rare coins may be the best route for finding the best silver value. While it is true some of these coins are incredibly valuable, they can have huge premiums and can be subject to whatever a dealer or current demand is for these type of coins.

Silver Jewelry is another area where investors may go to find value. While this is also one way to cash in on this silver bull market, there can be many interpretations on the value of a particular piece of jewelry by various dealers, pawn shops, the internet, etc… Another downfall to this type of investing is the temptation of fraud from the various sources listed above.

Silver bullion is in my opinion one of the best ways to begin investing and adding value to a new portfolio. There are many ways to do this from investing in “junk silver” all the way to buying 1000 oz silver bars.

In reference to “junk silver”, I am referring to pre-1965 U.S minted coins. For example; a 1932-1964 Washington quarter is made up of 90% silver and 10% copper. If you use a spot price for silver of $30.36 as of today, these quarters have a face value of.25 cents, but a market value of $5.49 per coin!

Another great reason I like investing in “junk” silver is the relative low premium that is added on to the sale of these coins. For example, some silver investors believe that 1oz american silver eagles are the best type of silver bullion to invest in. While this author will not dispute that opinion, at times these coins can have incredible premiums over the current market spot price. One instance of this was back in the fall of 2008 during the collapse of Lehman Brothers on wall street. At that time the paper spot price of silver fell all the way to $8 and change, and the cheapest price I could get for american eagles at that time was $15 per coin! That is a 80% premium over spot!

Those who are interested in finding the best silver value will find that pre-1965 coins are one of the best investments that are available on the market, and there are many different reasons why investors should consider getting these coins for investment purposes.

But all of this aside, the BEST investment in silver that one can make is to one’s becoming educated in the silver market. Without proper education, it is very easy for a new investor to be misled and end up on the wrong side of the coin.

Importance of a Complementary Educational Agenda for DR-CAFTA

LAYING THE GROUNDWORK

In September 2000, the member states of the United Nations unanimously adopted the Millennium Declaration. That document served as the launching pad for the public declaration of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which include everything from goal one of halving extreme poverty to goal two of providing universal primary education; all to be accomplished before the year 2015. Progress towards the first seven goals are dependent upon the success of goal eight – which emphasizes the need for rich countries to commit to assisting with the development of “an open, rule-based trading and financial system, more generous aid to countries committed to poverty reduction, and relief for the debt problems of developing countries.”1

At first glance, the recent actions of Central American countries and the United States to liberalize trade seem to support, at least partially, successful realization of MDG Eight. However, upon closer examination, the picture blurs and the outcome seems uncertain.

Following only a year of negotiations, the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) or DR-CAFTA (as a result of its recent inclusion of the Dominican Republic), was signed by the governments of Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the United States in 2004. The agreement, committing each country to reduce its trade barriers with the other DR-CAFTA countries, was ratified by the United States Congress on July 28, 2005.2

Rather than attempting to analyze all of the specific economic and social intricacies associated with liberalizing trade in Central America, this brief aims solely to cast light upon the overlap between countries’ efforts to implement the Millennium Development Goal Two/Education for All and their need to implement a complementary CAFTA agenda.

Specifically, this document highlights the importance of educational priorities if economic development efforts are to be successful. The premise of the argument elaborated here is that without sufficient prioritized emphasis by Central American countries, multilateral organizations and targeted donor countries on a complementary agenda that directs resources towards education infrastructure, CAFTA will never succeed in assisting these countries in reaching an ever elusive state of “economic prosperity.” In fact, it may deter them from fully accomplishing the MDGs as well.

CURRENT STATE OF EDUCATION

With the need for collaboration between economic and educational efforts in mind, let us examine the current status of MDG Two implementation and broader educational reform in Central America:

Over the past fifteen years, most Central American countries have implemented at least basic forms of educational reform. As a result, more children are entering school and spending more days and years enrolled than ever before. On an aggregate level, the larger Latin American and Caribbean region has made considerable progress toward the goal of universal primary education enrollment and according to the most recent UN Millennium Development Goals report, “Net enrollment rates at the primary level rose from 86 percent in 1990 to 93 percent in 2001. The region’s pace of progress in this indicator has been faster than the developing world average (which rose from 80 percent to 83 percent between 1990 and 2001). Net enrollment rates in 23 countries of the region (12 in Latin America and 11 in the Caribbean) surpass 90 percent.” 3 The reality is that, large scale disaster or other unforeseen event aside, all six countries are on target to reach the MDG enrollment targets.

Unfortunately, progress towards the target of completing five years of primary education has been slower and few countries in the region can boast success in this arena. The lack of progress towards completion of this target is most directly related to inefficiencies in the education system and the socioeconomic conditions of poor children – both situations that result in high repetition and desertion rates and both situations that must be ameliorated if CAFTA is to succeed. Furthermore, while the number of children initially enrolling in school has increased, the poor quality of education throughout Central America is also certainly a factor in children’s failure to complete their primary education. Quality must therefore also be taken into account when considering educational infrastructure needs.

While not necessarily relevant to MDG Two but quite possibly relevant from the CAFTA perspective of needing a skilled workforce, Central America’s educational woes most definitely extend beyond the primary school environment. In response to the recent Millennium Development Goals Report 2005, an Inter-American Development Bank representative wrote “It is difficult to avoid the impression that the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are falling behind with regard to secondary education. Although this is not included in the MDGs, it is the single most important educational indicator separating upper and lower income groups in the region.” 4
When less than one third of a country’s urban workforce has completed the twelve years of schooling that your or I take for granted, how can they hope to compete in today’s technology-dense free trade environment?

HISTORY LESSON -HAPPENING AGAIN?

Upon an examination of the Mexico of today as compared to pre-North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) times, a rise in the Mexican poverty rate over the last decade or so is apparent. Rather than being directly due to the implementation of NAFTA, it is more likely that this increase in the poverty rate is attributable to Mexico’s failure to simultaneously implement a complementary agenda; specifically, the inability of Mexico’s poorer southern States to improve their poorly trained workforce, infrastructural deficiencies and weak institutions in order to participate meaningfully in a liberalized trade environment. Rather than gain, the southern Mexican states lost even as the northern states benefited from the liberalized trade environment created by NAFTA.

Dr. Daniel Lederman, co-author of the World Bank report entitled “NAFTA is Not Enough” (and issued ten years after NAFTA was originally enacted) explained in an National Public Radio (NPR) interview in 2003 that Mexico’s financial crisis in the 1990s was bound to deepen poverty there with or without NAFTA. Dr. Lederman said:

Mexican income dropped in one year, 1995, by six percent. Wages across the board for all Mexican workers, on average, fell by 25 percent in less than a year…Still, NAFTA helped Mexico limit the damage, lifting per capita income at least 4 percentage points above where it would have been otherwise. The bottom line is, Mexico would be poorer without NAFTA today. Clearly trade alone won’t alleviate poverty. But if Mexico makes the right investments, especially in education, the next decade should be better. 5

POTENTIAL FOR ECONOMIC SUCCESS

As was the case in Mexico, it is likely that the majority of households in Central American countries stand to ultimately gain from the price changes associated with removing trade barriers for sensitive agricultural commodities and other goods. However, in order for this to happen, as Dr. Lederman suggests above, each country must now make appropriate investments in development efforts (most especially in education) in order to guarantee an equitable distribution of the benefits of these efforts in the future.

Simultaneously, it is of critical importance that each country provides for the needs of their most at-risk citizens. In order to guarantee that the children of these families are given the opportunity to be counted among those in school, countries must identify resources, both internally and externally, to provide incentives for families “to invest in the human capital of their children.” 6Examples of such incentives have been implemented through funding from the Inter-American Development Bank and several other organizations in Costa Rica (Superemonos), the Dominican Republic (Tarjeta de Asistencia Escolar), Honduras (PRAF), and Nicaragua (Red de Protección Social). Most immediately, these incentives (often in the form of conditional cash transfers) serve to increase food consumption, school attendance and use of preventive health care among the extremely poor. In the long run they are intended to assist with poverty and malnutrition reduction and to improve schooling completion rates. As reported by the IDB, “results are proving that it is possible to increase a family’s accumulation of human capital (measured by increased educational attainment and reduced mortality and morbidity) and, as a result, also raise potential labor market returns for the beneficiaries, as well as overall productivity. The programs have had a substantial positive long-term impact on the education, nutrition and health of its beneficiaries, especially children.” 7

In the World Bank’s expansive document analyzing CAFTA’s potential impact on Central America, entitled “DR-CAFTA – Challenges and Opportunities for Central America” the authors repeatedly reference technology and emphasize the importance of a complementary educational agenda that is tied to each country’s stage of development and innovation. For example, “for those countries farthest away from the technological frontier -such as Honduras and Nicaragua– the best technology policy is likely to be simply sound education policy… in the more advanced settings of Costa Rica and El Salvador, where adaptation and creation of new technologies is more important, issues of education quality and completion of secondary schooling are more important.” 8 In fact, without ever making specific reference to the MDGs, the authors recommend that the former countries focus on the goal of achieving universal primary education while the latter countries focus their energy on expanding and improving secondary level education. Failing to do so is choosing failure in the open market.

Ultimately, rather than seeing CAFTA as a first class ticket to a better economic end – with no strings attached, countries must acknowledge the critical importance of first implementing MDG Two – target three. This target, which says “by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling” 9 is a critically important step towards guaranteeing the emergence of a workforce that can respond to increased marketplace demand and evolving technologies. Without immediate investment in that future workforce via the education system, CAFTA will surely flounder and drag MDG Two along with it.

Furthermore, as mentioned above, educational infrastructure must be put into place now that will not only guarantee a higher quality education but will also be made accessible and desirable to Central America’s most at-risk citizens. After all, based on Mexico’s experience, the likelihood of a positive outcome for both CAFTA and MPG Two is slim. Yet the possibility of economic success does exist if we agree to truly choose “Education For All.”

CITATIONS

1) Millennium Development Goals, Goal Eight, http://www.un.org

2) At the time this brief was written (Dec 2005), the agreement still hadn’t been ratified by the Parliaments of Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Nicaragua.

3) The Millennium Development Goals Report 2005, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mi/pdf/MDG%20Book.pdf

4) The Millennium Development Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean: Progress, Priorities, and IDB Support for their Implementation, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC, Aug 05, http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=591088

5) National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Interview with Daniel Lederman, Monday, December 8, 2003 http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

6) The Millennium Development Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean: Progress, Priorities, and IDB Support for their Implementation, ibid

7) The Millennium Development Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean: Progress, Priorities, and IDB Support for their Implementation, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC, August 2005, p. 56

8) DR-CAFTA – Challenges and Opportunities for Central America, Chapter VII: Obtaining the Pay-off From DR-CAFTA, p199.

9) Millennium Development Goals, Goal Two, http://www.un.org